Sưu tầm – What to do With American Ambition

The Scratchpad №64

In my home-schooled Zen training, I sometimes wonder what it’s like to be on the other-side of an American. Perhaps it’s still a great mystery and that’s why so many “risk-it-all” to get here. When I asked my mother why she left the Philippines to find a home beyond the Ocean she said, “Because this is where everyone wants to be.” Now approaching the Autumn of her life, Manila calls back in her dreams.

Back to being American. To simplify this 238 year old country, we must consider the mutant gene bred into the species: Ambition.

I heard a preacher once say the spiritual life isn’t anti-pleasure nor anti-poverty but something in the middle. The people have filled in this blank with an extremis lean towards pro-achievement. The honorable daily exhaustion does not and will not shorten the possible work. But we refuse to see this since the herd mentality is stronger than a bull. I admit, when the repetitive business magazines are skillfully performing incest with the same idea of the busiest people are the ones who get the most done, it’s difficult not to join the party.

Recently, my wife and I opened a mom and pop Depop shop. The spontaneity of the experiment was a brilliant chance to convalesce from the daily business and toil. Since I work from my home office that triples as my dojo and bedroom, any validated reason to get of the house seemed lavish.

A few weeks ago we were shopping to stock our little store at a local Salvation Army. At check out I was searching for a reply when an old man went on:

“Thrift living has allowed me to invest in a timeshare in Hawaii, fly an airplane, buy a car (a Buick), send my kid to school, and eat spaghetti and tomato sauce six nights a week.”

My curiosity of what he eats on the seventh day still remains a mystery.

He took a quick breath while his aged blues stayed locked on me, “Thrifting is the best kept secret. I learned to thrift back when I was a kid and now I don’t even think about paying full price for anything. It’s a skill that most people aren’t even aware of.”

The dignity in his voice made him feel distincted and well-satisfied. He was not young, but his energy for a well-curated life gave his gait a youthful strength. As an old-timer he was stern of manner, but seemed to care for other people. It felt like he rejected the modern term of success but wanted everyone around him to have a version of it.

Our one-way conversation had reached its peak and we both knew it. I nodded to him and said, “Thanks. I’ve taken note.” His smooth shaven face cracked a smile and his experienced eyes were alive when he sent me off with, “Good listening skills kid. You’re going to be alright.”

That night while having a modest dinner of eight jack fruit taquiots, a family sized bag of Salsa Verde chips, and a cereal bowl of guacamole, I remembered that a rogue pastor who left the institution said, “In any binary situation, there’s probably a third position.”

I hadn’t agreed with some of the unsolicited advice that the old-timer gave me. I’ll never drive a Buick and time-shares make my tongue feel like a mitten. But it seemed as though his American ambition had allowed him to curate a life he was content with.

This land doesn’t show signs of slowing down. Maybe living in the USA is more of an invitation rather than an answer? Only humility can pound you down into enough clarity to consider the possibility that existence in this country is a silent request to create the mosaic of your life — not copy the ones of others.

I’ve recently discovered that wine assists in making your brain think less like a bully and more like a mystic. So after dinner I poured a glass of Malbec (Layer Cake because this is the best I could afford) and sat in the brown chair in the doorway of my open garage under the frosty stars and thought, “People should listen more. It offers a foreign pleasure and it’s less exhausting.”

Full link: https://thecreative.cafe/what-to-do-with-american-ambition-665da8b90b23


Sưu tầm – How CFOs can better support board directors—and vice versa

Governing boards face increasing pressure and greater scrutiny from investors. Here is how CFOs can reinforce their stewardship.

Has there ever been a time when boards of directors were more in need of the sharp, fact-based counsel of a value-savvy CFO? With market forces intensifying, technology creating broad-scale digital disruption, and systemic threats looming in the form of cyber and geopolitical shifts, even the best-positioned board directors can benefit from a strong relationship with the head of finance. That is even truer for directors selected more for their industry, product, or technical expertise, for example, than their financial acumen.

Regardless of where they sit, many CFOs should spend more time helping board directors understand a company’s strategy and defining value creation in the context of both the financial outcomes of the past and forecasts of future performance. The lessons go both ways: CFOs can benefit from effective relationships with board directors—particularly with the chair of the audit committee, who can share external perspectives and act as a thought leader and sparring partner. CFOs should be more assertive in anticipating questions from the board and providing the needed information to connect data to strategic and operating decisions. And CFOs should more actively collaborate with the CEO and other executives to present a unified perspective to the board. As our research suggests, improved board effectiveness can also result in better financial performance (see sidebar, “Understanding the link between board effectiveness and financial performance”).

Define value creation in context

The traditional role of the CFO is to go through the results with the board, explain what happened, and look at the variances versus the prior period. It takes a very historical view on what the company just did, which in and of itself does not add a lot of insight with respect to potential future value creation. This inward-looking view focuses on the company and its results without comparisons to the market and how peers and competitors are performing, and it does not help the board understand what is good or bad. A board might celebrate organically growing 8 percent in a given year, for example, and then watch in dismay as the share price drops because the company’s peers all grew at 20 percent.

The biggest opportunity for a CFO’s relationship with the board often hinges on being able to put together an objective view on what a business’s performance has been, how it compares with the market and other businesses in a company’s portfolio, and what the board should expect of future performance. The CFO’s input is especially important for creating clarity on resource allocation to higher-growth businesses within the portfolio, the value potential of increasing the drive toward digital transformation, the value from M&A (and other big-ticket investments), and the impact of broad-based performance transformations.

That input need not reflect the most-sophisticated analyses. In some cases, qualitative observations can suffice. Often, CFOs have the best read on what investors care about and should therefore influence how companies frame, measure, and communicate their value-creation plans. CFOs spend more time than most other executives on investor road shows and facing questions from analysts, and they know which issues can complicate or derail an investor story. They have also seen firsthand which metrics resonate best with investors and how investors will react. For example, after meeting with multiple investors, the CFO at one financial-services company realized that the market was demanding a different way of dealing with and reporting on the company’s major investments in growth. As the CFO discussed this dynamic with the board, they all recognized they had communicated up-front investments in growth in a manner that appeared more like separate, one-off restructuring charges. This board-level engagement by the CFO helped push the company to separate its communication of growth investments from cost-focused restructuring charges. More important, the dialogue helped the board better appreciate that the nature of the company’s growth objectives would require material investment in data architecture, analytics, and automation.

In other cases, strategic assessment of a company’s performance relative to peers can be helpful, whether it involves simple metrics such as share-price performance or more-nuanced metrics such as organic growth or margin expansion. Those types of contextual insights—the result of close collaboration with the rest of the executive team—can tee up the questions that the board needs to ask regarding value creation and strategy. They can help board directors understand the areas they should watch to reveal the company’s potential advantages or weak spots. The impact can be striking.

Consider, for example, how the CFO of a natural-resources company helped the board understand its returns relative to peers. The overall benchmarks were all similar-size companies but lacked specifics on the individual businesses with different exposures to energy and commodity cycles. Without that detail, board directors were concerned that the company’s performance had been relatively poor. Coordinating with the CEO, the CFO reminded the board that an underperforming business in the down side of a cycle will also benefit when the market recovers. Instead of presenting a current snapshot of performance, he led board directors in a discussion about what performance in two years might look like—and provided a set of historical financial analyses to gauge how much of the company’s future returns would likely come from a recovery. The dialogue changed the board’s focus from a question of whether the company should restructure or shut down to one defined by performance: given a certain measure of performance, when should they start investing again to make the most of the market’s recovery?

That example is not the CFO presenting a business case for operational restructuring or recommending specific strategic actions. It is a case of the CFO going beyond pure financial reporting to put the company’s performance in the context of its strategic direction and peers with the right level of detail so that board directors could see for themselves what they needed to do.

Proactively engage with the board

The more CFOs engage with boards, the better they can anticipate boards’ questions—and the better they can keep boards informed ahead of potential surprises. CFOs can also expect to receive valuable support and advice in return. These relationships are most effective when CFOs have active roles in making presentations in every board meeting and are present for most of the discussion. Such involvement allows a CFO to understand board dynamics (and therefore engage more productively with board directors), answer follow-up questions, and track the context from prior meetings. This practice, of course, also requires the CEO to be open to the CFO’s more inclusive participation.

When the board of a multi-industrial business was weighing its acquisition priorities, for example, the discussion eventually came back to a question of how the company created the most value. Would the company do better to trade off assets through M&A deals or grow its business organically? Having joined that board meeting, the CFO was better able to follow up in subsequent board meetings by adding several analyses to his reports to the board. Those included an overview of the company’s organic growth relevant to its markets, some pre- and post-acquisition data on some of its businesses, and highlights of the company’s strengths and weaknesses with respect to organic growth.

That input led the board into a more nuanced discussion. Instead of an “either/or” focus on dealmaking or organic growth, it considered the businesses in which it would or would not want to pursue acquisitions, whether the company had established the right assets and capabilities to execute those acquisitions, and whether it should pursue certain operational priorities before jumping into an active set of acquisition choices.

The importance of proactive behavior in a CFO’s board interactions spans industries. The mechanisms for capital reallocation at banks or other financial institutions do look different from those at an industrial company. But a CFO’s role looks nearly identical when it comes to identifying where to shift resources to create more value. In one instance, the CFO of a financial-services company observed that the company had allocated so much capital to high-priority growth areas that it had underinvested in lower-growth businesses with higher, faster returns. That is the same growth-versus-returns dilemma that industrial companies face and leads to the same predictably lower returns. Proactively raising the issue with the board enabled the company to adjust its capital-allocation rules and make relatively small adjustments that would improve returns without sacrificing new growth opportunities.

Manage board interactions as a team

Taking a more proactive role is not something a CFO can do alone; the CEO formally governs the CFO’s relationship with the board. As head of the management team, CEOs are in the best position to judge how—and how often—their senior managers interact with boards. In our experience, reshaping the interaction typically happens only when a new CEO either redefines the current CFO’s role or brings on a new CFO explicitly tasked with developing a refreshed level of engagement with the board.

From there, managing interactions between the senior management team and the board generally is most effective when it is some form of a team effort. The CEO, often in consultation with the board chair, leads the effort. But the CEO’s success comes not just from knowing the facts and sharing perspectives but also from understanding the questions on board directors’ minds, the context in which they are asking those questions, their own personal histories as board directors and executives, and the interactions between board directors. Who among the directors in the room will ask questions? Who will hold back? Who will be the doubters? And who will be open to providing support and advice to the CFO?

As a trusted source of facts and data as well as a strategic advisor, often alongside a chief of strategy or operations, the CFO is usually a lieutenant to the CEO in making successful board interactions happen. The team’s efforts can allow the CEO to focus more mental energy on managing the discussion, understanding the way the board engages, and ensuring that the board is heading to the right outcome.

A CFO should be especially mindful of his or her relationship with the audit committee chair. Audit committee chairs are often the board’s biggest advocates for value creation, cash protection, and the board’s fiduciary responsibility. Here, too, the relationship varies from company to company. But the one constant is that the audit committee chair is typically very engaged and often asks questions regarding value creation, the company’s use of cash, payments back to shareholders, and the investors’ perspectives.

The CFO’s relationship with the audit committee chair can also be an important driver of talent development and succession planning. For instance, the CFO and audit committee chair may schedule private sessions to identify strong candidates for senior finance positions. We have seen several instances in which the audit committee chair has offered coaching and mentoring to members of the finance team—particularly those in line for the CFO role. These high-potentials may be invited to audit committee meetings to make presentations on special projects and initiatives, giving them some exposure to board directors. We have also seen CFOs invite audit committee chairs to meetings of the finance function to help inform important discussions—for instance, changes required as a result of new accounting standards.;

The way that CFOs should communicate with audit committee chairs will depend on the governance within a given board. In some situations, it might be most effective to establish a continuous dialogue between the CFO and the audit committee chair so they can jointly prepare for board meetings: the audit committee chair would have ample opportunity to review the issues at hand and provide relevant information ahead of full board discussions. Indeed, the audit committee chair can serve as a powerful ally for the CFO—holding board directors to task on financial discussions, translating complex concepts for the group, and reinforcing points that the CFO had previously been unable to make on his own.

As demands on board directors grow, CFOs will be increasingly important as resources to support them. Our experience suggests that the CFOs who can define value creation in context and proactively anticipate boards’ needs will excel. Those CFOs can also accelerate their own development by working more closely with board directors and taking in their insights and experiences. Defining their relationships with the board in the context of the rest of senior management is critical.

Full link: https://www.mckinsey.com/business-functions/strategy-and-corporate-finance/our-insights/how-cfos-can-better-support-board-directors-and-vice-versa?cid=other-eml-alt-mip-mck-oth-1803&hlkid=42335d5d07f54600bd4bc37b6d53c2bd&hctky=2618809&hdpid=7fa49b97-ba97-4965-b6e5-6fe284a87424

Sưu tầm – 21 triết lý của võ sĩ Samurai nổi tiếng Nhật Bản sẽ giúp bạn quản trị cuộc đời mình một cách minh tuệ

Miyamoto Musashi là samurai đầu tiên và cũng là duy nhất trong suốt lịch sử Nhật Bản chưa để thua 1 trận nào. 21 triết lý sống của ông có thể giúp bạn lý giải được nhiều điều bất ngờ trong cuộc sống.

Miyamoto Musashi là một kiếm sĩ có biệt danh “độc cô cầu bại” trong giới Samurai Nhật Bản. Trong suốt lịch sử nước Nhật, ông là người duy nhất chưa để thua một trận nào. Ông cũng nổi tiếng với những câu chuyện về kiếm đạo, những câu danh ngôn và cuốn sách The Book of Five Rings thể hiện triết lý về cuộc sống và cách để tận dụng tối đa những triết lý đó.

Những triết lý của Musashi chịu ảnh hưởng lớn của giáo lý đạo Phật và được coi là một bậc thầy của nghệ thuật sống có kỷ luật, độc lập và biết buông bỏ.

Trong cuốn sách, ông đã tiết lộ 21 quy tắc giúp định hình lối sống và nhân cách của mình. Đó là những điều sâu sắc giúp bạn quản trị cuộc sống của chính mình một cách minh tuệ.

1. Chấp nhận mọi thứ như bản chất của nó.

2. Đừng tìm kiếm sự hài lòng từ những lợi ích.

3. Đừng chịu đựng bất kỳ một ngoại cảnh nào hay một cảm giác cá nhân nào.

4. Nghĩ về bản thân ít hơn và nghĩ về thế giới sâu sắc hơn.

5. Hãy sống tách biệt khỏi những mong đợi của bạn về cuộc sống.

6. Đừng hối tiếc những điều bạn đã làm.

7. Đừng ghen tỵ.

8. Đừng cho phép bản thân buồn bã vì sự chia ly.

9. Sự oán hận và phàn nàn không phù hợp với bất kỳ người nào.

10. Đừng để bản thân bị điều khiển bởi cảm giác của tình yêu và sự ham muốn.

11. Mọi điều đều không có sự ưu tiên.

12. Đừng tách biệt với nơi bạn sống.

13. Đừng chỉ theo đuổi những hương vị của thức ăn.

14. Đừng cố gắng níu giữ những gì bạn không cần nữa.

15. Đừng hành động theo những niềm tin cố hữu.

16. Đừng tàng trữ và sử dụng vũ khí chỉ vì những công dụng của nó.

17. Đừng sợ hãi cái chết.

18. Đừng cố chiếm hữu tài sản và đất đai cho tuổi già.

19. Tin tưởng vào Phật hay Chúa trời, nhưng đừng mong chờ sự giúp đỡ của họ.

20. Bạn có thể bỏ bê cơ thể mình nhưng nhất định phải nâng niu tâm hồn.

21. Đừng bao giờ lạc lối.

Cuộc sống là khách quan. Để có thể sống thảnh thơi, yên bình, bạn nên chấp nhận cuộc sống như nó vốn là thế. Căng thẳng, lo âu, và thất vọng là một phần tất yếu của cuộc sống, nhưng đừng để chúng kiểm soát cuộc sống của bạn. Chấp nhận những khía cạnh gian nan của cuộc sống, tin tưởng vào chính bản thân sẽ giúp bạn thêm mạnh mẽ đối diện với mọi vấn đề một cách kiên cường nhất.

bởi Thu Hoài

Full link: http://cafef.vn/21-triet-ly-cua-vo-si-samurai-noi-tieng-nhat-ban-se-giup-ban-quan-tri-cuoc-doi-minh-mot-cach-minh-tue-20171208170252742.chn